This object is actually two galaxies in the process of merging, about 130 million lightyears away.
Known as NGC 4194, the collision occurred when an early galaxy merged with a smaller galactic counterpart, ejecting stars and cosmic dust out into space.
These streams have led the galaxy merger to be known informally as the ‘Medusa merger’, given its apparent similarity to the serpentine locks of the famous mythical gorgon.
The collision is not as destructive as it may seem, however, as the shaking-up of stars and dust has led to the formation of new stars, seen glowing bright blue.
Image credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA, A. Adamo