Water ice found on the Moon

Lunar scientists have confirmed the 'definitive' discovery of water ice on the surface of the Moon.

The discovery may have implications for future manned missions to the Moon, given that a water supply would be an invaluable resource. However, most of the water ice is found in the shadows of craters, where temperatures never reach above -156°C. The Moon is tidally locked with Earth, meaning the same side always faces our planet, and given the Moon’s small tilt about its rotational axis, sunlight never reaches these cold regions. The M3 instrument was launched in 2008 aboard the Chandrayaan-1 lunar orbiter by the Indian Space Research Organisation. The orbiter operated until August 2009. M3 was able to detect the reflective properties of the water ice and confirm its presence by measuring how the ice molecules absorb infrared light.

Images showing water ice on the surface of the Moon. Left shows the south pole and right shows the north pole. Blue indicates where the water ice is located. Image Credit: NASA

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Astronomers have ‘definitively’ proven the existence of water ice on the surface of the Moon.

The ice deposits could be ancient, and have been found at the lunar poles.

Most of the ice at the southern pole is concentrated at craters, and at the northern pole the ice is more widely, yet sparsely spread.

The scientists behind the discovery used data from NASA’s Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3) to discover three signatures that, they say, prove there is water ice on the lunar surface.

The discovery may have implications for future manned missions to the Moon, given that a water supply would be an invaluable resource.

However, most of the water ice is found in the shadows of craters, where temperatures never reach above -156°C.

The left side of the Moon Mineralogy Mapper that was carried on the Chandrayaan-1 lunar orbiter. Data collected by this instrument was used to confirm the presence of water ice on the Moon. Credit: NASA / https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Moon_Mineralogy_Mapper_left.jpg
The left side of the Moon Mineralogy Mapper that was carried on the Chandrayaan-1 lunar orbiter. Data collected by this instrument was used to confirm the presence of water ice on the Moon.
Credit: NASA / Wikimedia Commons

The Moon is tidally locked with Earth, meaning the same side always faces our planet, and given the Moon’s small tilt about its rotational axis, sunlight never reaches these cold regions.

The M3 instrument was launched in 2008 aboard the Chandrayaan-1 lunar orbiter by the Indian Space Research Organisation.

The orbiter operated until August 2009.

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M3 was able to detect the reflective properties of the water ice and confirm its presence by measuring how the ice molecules absorb infrared light.