Mars Express orbiter reveals Red Planet’s volcanic history

Mars's volcanic history is being uncovered by the rovers and probes investigating the Red Planet.

Plan view Terra Cimmeria. Credit: ESA/DLR/FU Berlin, CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO

Mars is host to some of the largest volcanoes found in the Solar System, which planetary scientists believe may once have been very much active.

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This view of Mars’s Terra Cimmeria captured by the Mars Express orbiter on 8 August 2019 reveals dark surface minerals like basalt, formed from volcanic ash and dust released during the Red Planet’s ancient past.

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Image credit: ESA/DLR/FU Berlin, CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO