NGC 7000 is known as the North America Nebula due to its similarity in shape to the geographical outline of its namesake continent.
The North America Nebula is an emission nebula found in the Cygnus constellation, glowing due to the ionisation of interstellar gas caused by radiation being emitted by hot, young stars.
NGC 7000 is located 1,700 lightyears away and measures 100 lightyears across.
It is often pictured alongside IC 5070, a fellow emission nebula nicknamed the Pelican Nebula.
North American Nebula and Pelican Nebulae by Paul Moyers, Merseyside, 29 November 2019. Equipment: Canon EOS 1200D DSLR, Altair Astro 60 EDF refractor, Skywatcher Star Adventurer mount
The North America Nebula was first observed by astronomer William Herschel in October 1786, and today it is a firm favourite of northern hemisphere observers.
Of all the nebulae that are named after objects they resemble – like the Cat’s Paw Nebula, the Rosette Nebula, the Pacman Nebula etc. – the North America Nebula is among those that most lives up to its nickname.
And considering there is also a California Nebula, it’s a pity for astronomers in the US that there isn’t a nebula named for each of the other 49 states!
A view of the North America Nebula captured by the Palomar Observatory’s 48-inch (1.2 meter) Samuel Oschin Telescope. Credit: Davide De Martin (ESA/Hubble), the ESA/ESO/NASA Photoshop FITS Liberator & Digitized Sky Survey 2
Below is a selection of images of the North America Nebula captured by BBC Sky at Night Magazine readers and astrophotographers from around the world.
For more info on photographing nebulae, read our deep-sky astrophotography guide or learn how to fine-tune your nebula images with our tutorial on deep-sky image processing.
And don’t forget to send us you images or share them with us on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram.
North America Nebula by Simon Hudson, May 2019, Cornwall. Equipment: QHY9S CCD, Lacerta 200/800 reflector, Celestron CGX mount.
The North America Nebula by Emil Andronic, Pontarfynach, Bushey, 5, 18 – 20 April 2019. Equipment: Canon EOS 700D DSLR camera, Samyang 135mm lens, Sky-Watcher EQ3 GoTo mount.
The North America Nebula by Reza Hakimi, Moomej, Iran, 10, 11 July 2018. Equipment: ZWO ASI1600MM-C camera, Canon EF 200mm f/2.8 lens
North America Nebula by John Taylor, Sevenoaks, UK. Equipment: William Optics megrez 72mm refractor, Atik 314L+ CCD, Sky-Watcher EQ5 Go-To mount.
North America Nebula Widefield by Mike Cook, Romford, UK. Equipment: Meade LX200, Canon 20Da, Canon 70-300mm lens.
North America Nebula – NGC7000 by Rossolatos Antonios, Rafina, Athens, Greece. Equipment: Meade LX200GPS 14″ – HS3, ATIK 314L+, SkyWatcher 80ED Pro, Meade DSI 2, PHD, Baader Ha, O3, S2.
Mosaic of North American & Pelican Nebulas by Anna Morris, Suffolk, UK. Equipment: Orion EON 80ED, Atik 314L+, Starlight XPress Lodestar, Astronomik Ha 12nm.
North American & Pelican Nebula – 18 panel Narrowband Mosaic by Anna Morris, Norton, Suffolk, UK. Equipment: Orion EON 80ED, Atik 314L+, Starlight XPress Lodestar, Astronomik Ha, SII, & OIII.
NGC 7000 “The Wall” by Geoff Cottrell, Oxford, UK. Equipment: QHY8, Astonomik UHC filter, Equinox 120mm Refractor,n EQ5 Pro mount.
North American Nebula by Lee Housden, Essex, UK. Equipment: Celestron CPC 8″, Focal Reducer, Qhy5, SkyWatcher 80mm Apo, Cannon 450d modded, Clip Filter.
North American Nebula NGC7000 and Deneb by Martin Bailey, Gnosall, Staffordshire, UK. Equipment: Modified Canon 1000D, Astronomik CLS filter, Tamron A15 LD DiII 55-200 lens, set at 128mm, Celestron CG5 mount.
Lower NGC 7000 by James L McConnachie, Ayrshire, Scotland, UK. Equipment: Skywatcher MN190 DS Pro, Celestron CGEM, Modefied Canon EOS 400D, Astronomik CLS clip filter, Astronomik Ha 12nm clip filter.
NGC7000 by Andy Jensen, Suffolk, UK. Equipment: Skywatcher 80mm ED Refractor, Canon 600d Modded, Neq 5 Mount.
NGC 7000 by James L McConnachie, Scotland, UK. Equipment: Celestron CGEM, Williams optics ZS70, Canon eos 400d
NGC7000 Hubble Palette – Canon 100m @ F2.8 by Andre van der Hoeven, HI-Ambacht, The Netherlands. Equipment: Canon 100m F2.0 lens @ F2.8, SXV-H9, Ha, OIII, S2.
NGC7000 by Andrew Jensen, Battisford, Suffolk, UK. Equipment: SK NEQ6, Skywatcher 80mm ED Refractor, Atik383l, 7nm Ha Filter, Neq6 Mount.
NGC7000 North America Nebula by Stephen Wilson, Middlesbrough, UK. Equipment: ED80 Pro with EOS450D, CLS and Ha filters, HEQ5 Pro mount.
NGC7000 by Stephen Dean, Isle of Wight, UK. Equipment: Modded Canon EOS1100D, Astronomik CLS filter, Skywatcher ST80, QHY5, Skywatcher 80 mm ED Pro Scope.
North America Nebula by David Liaromatis, Grove, Oxfordshire, UK. Equipment: Teleskop Service 65mm astrograph, QHY8, PhD, Orion ED-80, QHY6.
North American Nebula in HST by John Maclean, Exeter, UK. Equipment: WOZ66, Atik 314L+, Ha, SII and OIII filters.
The Cygnus Wall by Ton & Marc Dix, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Equipment: Meade ACF 10″ at f/10, QSI 583 WSG, AP 900 GTO
NGC7000 Widefield by Andy Jensen, Suffolk, UK. Equipment: HEQ5, Canon 600d modded, 70-300mm Sigma Lens
NGC7000 North American Nebula by Jam, Suffolk, UK. Equipment: EQ-mod EQ3-2 with dual axis motor drive, Self modded Canon 1000D, Canon 200 f2.8 L lens, Home made guide scope, Logitech QC4000 webcam guide cam, PHD guiding software
NGC 7000 North American Nebula by Mark Griffith, Swindon, Wiltshire, UK. Equipment: Skywatcher NEQ6 pro mount & Equinox 80mm refractor, Atik 383L+ camera, motorised filter wheel and Astronomik Ha LRGB filter set.
NGC 7000 by Andrew Jensen, Battisford, Suffolk, UK. Equipment: Skywatcher 80mm Equinox, Atik 383l, NEQ6
NGC7000 – The Cygnus Wall by André van der Hoeven, HI-Ambacht, The Netherlands. Equipment: TEC-140, QSI-583, NEQ-6.
NGC7000 – The Cygnus Wall in Hubble palete by André van der Hoeven, HI-Ambacht, The Netherlands. Equipment: TEC-140, QSI-583, NEQ-6.
North American Nebula, The Wall by John Maclean, Exeter, UK. Equipment: NEQ6, Equinox 80 APO, Atik 314L+. Guided with WOZ66 and QHY5.
NGC7000 & IC5070 – North America & Pelican Nebulae by Bill McSorley, Leeds, UK. Equipment: SW 150P Newtonian, QHY8L cooled ccd camera on an EQ5 GoTo Mount.
NGC7000 The Wall by Mark Griffith, Swindon, Wiltshire, UK. Equipment: Celestron C11 Sct, Skywatcher NEQ6 pro mount,Atik 383L+ camera, motorised filter wheel and Astronomik filters.
NGC7000 North America – Hubble Palette by Stephen Wilson, Middlesbrough, UK. Equipment: William Optics ZS71 with 0.8x flattener , Atik 314L+ camera with a Zagyl filter wheel with Baader filters all on a HEQ5 Pro mount guide
NGC 7000 The Cygnus Wall by Chris Heapy, Macclesfield, UK. Equipment: TeleVue NP127is, 0.8x reducer,Losmandy G11, Gemini L.4, Atik490EX, TeleVue Pronto, Lodestar