How to take nightscape photographs

Award-winning photographer Babak Tafreshi reveals his top tips for capturing nightscape astrophotos.

How to take nightscape photography. Credit: Serge Brunier, TWAN
Published: November 19, 2019 at 8:36 am
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Thanks to the rapidly developing technology of digital SLR cameras, starting nightscape photography is now far easier than it was in the days of analog photography, when most The World at Night photographers began their careers.

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Still, it is essential to have some knowledge of the night sky and practical astronomy in order to be ‘in the right place, at the right time’.

Planning is based on ideal weather and moonlight conditions, but factors such as geographic location, altitude and temperature, local topography and light pollution should be considered, too.

For more astrophotography advice, read our guide on how to photograph the stars.

The Night Sky is my Second Home by Jeff Dai, Dashanbao Wetland, Yunnan Province of China. Equipment: EOS 5D Mark II, AF-S Nikkor 14-24mm f/2.8G IF-ED.
The Night Sky is my Second Home by Jeff Dai, Dashanbao Wetland, Yunnan Province of China. Equipment: EOS 5D Mark II, AF-S Nikkor 14-24mm f/2.8G IF-ED.

Basic equipment for nightscape photography

Compared to telescopic astrophotography, nightscape imaging is a low-gear endeavour; you don’t need a vast array of high-tech equipment.

A single camera with a fast, wide-angle lens, a tripod and a shutter-release cable are enough to get you started.

Keeping your equipment as compact as possible will also help you tackle the real challenge, which is getting to the right location.

Out under the Stars by James Robertson, Lake District, UK. Equipment: ZWO120mc-s, static photo tripod.
Out under the Stars by James Robertson, Lake District, UK. Equipment: ZWO120mc-s, static photo tripod.

However it is very important that your tripod is sturdy and reliable enough for long exposures and windy nights.

A proper ball head that can handle the camera load is far easier to use at night than a classic tripod head.

A popular option for the frequent traveller is a carbon-fibre tripod, versions of which can be just as steady in wind as heavier aluminium models.

An easy solution for making the system even more steady is to fill a bag with rocks or sand and hang it from the centre of the tripod.

Keeping your equipment compact and lightweight will help you travel to remote locations for that perfect shot. Credit: Babak Tafreshi, TWAN
Keeping your equipment compact and lightweight will help you travel to remote locations for that perfect shot. Credit: Babak Tafreshi, TWAN

Camera settings

The camera settings for many of the images in this article fall within the range of the ‘golden numbers’ of nightscape photography:

  • exposures of 10 to 20 seconds
  • ISO of 1600–6400
  • lens aperture of f2–2.8.

We are bound to these due to the Earth’s rotation (sky motion) as well as the physical limits of lens design and digital sensor technology.

This type of photography requires cameras suitable for lowlight imaging with low noise performance in high ISOs – the highest practical ISO (6400 for many cameras) is necessary for when the night environment is very dark.

In moonlight or near cities you can create higher-quality images by reducing the ISO to 1600 or less.

A Bear Above the Fjord by Alex Conu, Reine, Norway. Equipment: Canon EOS 5D Mark III, Canon EF 17-40 f/4L, Fornax LighTrack II.
A Bear Above the Fjord by Alex Conu, Reine, Norway. Equipment: Canon EOS 5D Mark III, Canon EF 17-40 f/4L, Fornax LighTrack II.

High ISO imaging, although sometimes essential at night, results in more noise, fewer colours and less dynamic range.

It is very important to capture all images in ‘raw’ format (plus an optional JPEG for quicker preview).

Saving original files in a compressed-JPEG format alone will eliminate post-processing capabilities to enhance the image, to reduce the noise, to easily correct the white balance and to recover shadows and highlights.

Image processing is an important part of nightscape photography, since these images are technically challenging.

Long exposure image of star trails above stargazers using red flashlight, with Polaris near the center. Credit: Keeping your equipment compact and lightweight will help you travel to remote locations for that perfect shot. Credit: Babak Tafreshi, TWAN
Long exposure image of star trails above stargazers using red flashlight, with Polaris near the centre. Keeping your equipment compact and lightweight will help you travel to remote locations for that perfect shot. Credit: Babak Tafreshi, TWAN

Exposure

When photographing the night sky, you need to take the movement of the stars and planets into consideration.

The apparent speed of a star’s motion depends on how much your camera lens magnifies the view – the longer the focal length the faster the speed of the star, and the less time available to capture a pinpoint image.

For an average-resolution digital camera a simple equation known as the ‘300 rule’ will give you the maximum exposure to use in order to avoid star trails: you simply divide 300 by the focal length of your lens (300/F). The result will give you the length of exposure you need, in seconds.

Night in the Caldera, Tenerife by Peter Louer, Tenerife. Equipment: Canon 700D, 18-55mm lens, .43 focal reducer fitted.
Night in the Caldera, Tenerife by Peter Louer, Tenerife. Equipment: Canon 700D, 18-55mm lens, .43 focal reducer fitted.

For example, with a super-wide-angle 14 mm lens, ideal for wide views of the Milky Way, the maximum exposure is 300/14 – around 20 seconds before you will capture notable motion in the stars.

If the camera is not a full frame, with a smaller crop sensor, the F should be multiplied by the crop factor of the sensor.

On many models the crop factor is about 1.5x, but it is best to identify this on the camera sensor specification.

If your field of view is far from the celestial equator (either to the north or south) you can further increase the exposure.

She'll Be Flyin' Round the Mountain When She Comes by Steven Christenson, Mission Peak Preserve, Fremont, California, USA. Equipment: Canon 50D, Canon 16-35mm f/2.8 L II, Gitzo Carbon Fiber Tripod, Manfrotto RC4 Ball Head.
She'll Be Flyin' Round the Mountain When She Comes by Steven Christenson, Mission Peak Preserve, Fremont, California, USA. Equipment: Canon 50D, Canon 16-35mm f/2.8 L II, Gitzo Carbon Fiber Tripod, Manfrotto RC4 Ball Head.

For instance, midway between the equator and Polaris, you can exceed the exposure to 40% and up to 70% for the Big Dipper near the pole (or for the Crux and the Magellanic Clouds in the southern sky).

Using this simple ‘300 rule’ equation it’s evident that, when using telephoto lenses, only a very short exposure is possible before you start to see star trails.

That’s why more nightscape photographs are taken using wide-angle lenses between 14 mm and 35 mm (10 and 24 mm for crop sensor cameras).

The exposure limit for an 85 mm lens is only four seconds, for example, unless a portable star tracker device is used on top of the tripod.

Tunnel in the Sky - Landscape by Steven Christenson, Tunnel View, Yosemite, California, USA. Equipment: Canon 50D, Manfrotto Tripod, EF17-40 f/4L USM
Tunnel in the Sky - Landscape by Steven Christenson, Tunnel View, Yosemite, California, USA. Equipment: Canon 50D, Manfrotto Tripod, EF17-40 f/4L USM

This cancels Earth’s rotation by following the stars during the exposure, although the foreground will become blurry if the exposure is too long.

Since your goal is to collect as much light as possible during a short exposure, you should aim for fast optics.

A lens with a larger maximum aperture (smaller minimum F-number) delivers more light intensity and reduces the needed exposure.

The fastest lenses are usually prime, with fixed focal lengths. Most long-range zoom lenses are not desirable for low-light photography.

For instance 18–200 mm or 24–105 mm f4 are very handy in daytime but too slow at night.

The fast f1.4 prime lenses are some of the most popular among nightscape photographers, as well as short-range f2.8 zooms such as 14–24 mm or 16–35 mm.

Some astrophotographers go to extreme lengths to capture the best shots. Credit: Babak Tafreshi, TWAN
Some astrophotographers go to extreme lengths to capture the best shots. Credit: Babak Tafreshi, TWAN

Post-production

After an imaging session, the main challenge is how to create a natural-looking image.

While the natural daytime colours are evident, most photographers are not familiar with the natural colours of the night sky.

They often shift the white balance or apply saturation in extreme ways as a result.

The natural colours of the Milky Way and the night sky are best preserved in a white balance range of 4000–5000 Kelvin.

Imbabura Volcano by Robert Gibson Z, Ecuador. Equipment: Nikon D7000, Sigma 10-20mm
Imbabura Volcano by Robert Gibson Z, Ecuador. Equipment: Nikon D7000, Sigma 10-20mm

Much lower (colder) white balance results in a blue Milky Way, whereas it should be pale yellow (especially towards the galactic bulge).

You should also try to avoid the habit of ‘over-cooked’ processing, in which the colours can become saturated, for example. In nightscape imaging, it is essential to preserve the originality of the scene.

Composite images, made using different lenses and a montage of daytime and night-time frames have their own value in art, but are not usually recognized as nature documentary photographs.

Staying safe

  • It’s important to reduce the risks involved with night- time photography.
  • Always inform others about your intended location and avoid shooting alone in remote locations.
  • Being in a small team of two or three is the most pleasant way to experience night-time photography.
  • If in larger groups, plan around such potential issues as having too many tripods, similar image results and moving flashlights in your photos.
  • Always arrive at a location before sunset. This will allow you to become familiar with the environment and to identify potential obstacles around you.
  • Always consider unpredictable issues regarding accessibility, wildlife, access restrictions and reactions from locals to your after-dark presence in their neighbourhood. Such risks are reduced when a photographer arrives on site earlier in the day.

Nightscape photographs

In need of some inspiration? Below is a selection of images of nightscapes captured by astrophotographers and BBC Sky at Night Magazine readers.

Stars over Buscot Lake by David C. Saunders, Oxfordshire, UK. Equipment: Canon 450D, 18/55mm Lens.
Stars over Buscot Lake by David C. Saunders, Oxfordshire, UK. Equipment: Canon 450D, 18/55mm Lens.
Milkyway over Beach in Turkey with a Point and Shoot by Ben Murray, Preston, UK. Equipment: Canon Powershot a720is, no tripod.
Milkyway over Beach in Turkey with a Point and Shoot by Ben Murray, Preston, UK. Equipment: Canon Powershot a720is, no tripod.
Nightscape Scottish Highlands by Brian.M.Johnson, Scottish Highlands, UK. Equipment: Canon 50D, 24mm Lens, Tripod.
Nightscape Scottish Highlands by Brian.M.Johnson, Scottish Highlands, UK. Equipment: Canon 50D, 24mm Lens, Tripod.
Moon, Jupiter and Mercury at Sunset by Brian.M.Johnson, Devils Dyke, Brighton, UK. Equipment: Canon 50D, Tripod
Moon, Jupiter and Mercury at Sunset by Brian.M.Johnson, Devils Dyke, Brighton, UK. Equipment: Canon 50D, Tripod
Nightscape North in May 2011 by Brian.M.Johnson, Scottish Highlands, UK. Equipment: Canon 50D, Tripod (no tracking)
Nightscape North in May 2011 by Brian.M.Johnson, Scottish Highlands, UK. Equipment: Canon 50D, Tripod (no tracking)
Sagittarius from LaBeaume by Lorna Whitelaw, Dunfermline, Fife, UK. Equipment: Canon EOS 1000D
Sagittarius from LaBeaume by Lorna Whitelaw, Dunfermline, Fife, UK. Equipment: Canon EOS 1000D
Campout at White Sands USA by Richard Sass, White Sands National Monument, USA. Equipment: Nikon D-40, 18mm lens, Tripod.
Campout at White Sands USA by Richard Sass, White Sands National Monument, USA. Equipment: Nikon D-40, 18mm lens, Tripod.
Absent Friends by Greg Esson, Capel le Ferne, Kent, UK. Equipment: Nikon D3100, 18-55mm lens @18mm.
Absent Friends by Greg Esson, Capel le Ferne, Kent, UK. Equipment: Nikon D3100, 18-55mm lens @18mm.
Bedouin Camp by Night by Ryan Radford, Sinai Desert. Equipment: Canon 1000D, Kit lens, tripod.
Bedouin Camp by Night by Ryan Radford, Sinai Desert. Equipment: Canon 1000D, Kit lens, tripod.
Venus, Jupiter, Orion and The Pleiades in twilight by Jarrod Bennett, Saint Gregoire, Provence, France. Equipment: Canon 450D.
Venus, Jupiter, Orion and The Pleiades in twilight by Jarrod Bennett, Saint Gregoire, Provence, France. Equipment: Canon 450D.
Windmill and the Milky Way by Luke Oliver, Stevington, UK. Equipment: Canon 1000D, 18mm lens @ f/3.5, Baader Skyglow filter.
Windmill and the Milky Way by Luke Oliver, Stevington, UK. Equipment: Canon 1000D, 18mm lens @ f/3.5, Baader Skyglow filter.
Lyra by Corey Lindholm, Edgewater, Florida. Equipment: Canon 20d, m42 screw mount asahi 55mm lens
Lyra by Corey Lindholm, Edgewater, Florida. Equipment: Canon 20d, m42 screw mount asahi 55mm lens
Orion & Jupiter by Tony Clements, Longwick, Buckinghamshire, UK. Equipment: Pentax Kx, 18-55mm lens
Orion & Jupiter by Tony Clements, Longwick, Buckinghamshire, UK. Equipment: Pentax Kx, 18-55mm lens
Moon + Venus + Mercury by Giovanni Giuliano, Reading, UK. Equipment: Lumix digital camera, tripod
Moon + Venus + Mercury by Giovanni Giuliano, Reading, UK. Equipment: Lumix digital camera, tripod
Tungurahua Volcano by Robert Gibson Z, Ecuador. Equipment: Nikon D7000, Nikon 70-300mm
Tungurahua Volcano by Robert Gibson Z, Ecuador. Equipment: Nikon D7000, Nikon 70-300mm
Cayambe Volcano by Robert Gibson Z, Ecuador. Equipment: Nikon D300, Sigma 10-20mm
Cayambe Volcano by Robert Gibson Z, Ecuador. Equipment: Nikon D300, Sigma 10-20mm
Galactic Icefall by Jeff Dai, Shuangqiao Valley, Mount Four sisters, Sichuan province of China. Equipment: EOS 5D Mark II, AF-S Nikkor 14-24mm f/2.8G IF-ED, Lee Soft Filter NO.2, Loptron SkyTracker
Galactic Icefall by Jeff Dai, Shuangqiao Valley, Mount Four sisters, Sichuan province of China. Equipment: EOS 5D Mark II, AF-S Nikkor 14-24mm f/2.8G IF-ED, Lee Soft Filter NO.2, Loptron SkyTracker
Gufo Cave at Night by Jeff Dai, Mount Jinfo, Chongqing, China. Equipment: Canon EOS 5D Mark II, Samyang 14mm f/2.8 IF ED MC, Lee Soft Filter NO.2
Gufo Cave at Night by Jeff Dai, Mount Jinfo, Chongqing, China. Equipment: Canon EOS 5D Mark II, Samyang 14mm f/2.8 IF ED MC, Lee Soft Filter NO.2
Aurora Borealis, Jupiter and Orion by Ian Huxtable, Hove, East Sussex, UK. Equipment: Nikon D5000, 50mm lens, tripod
Aurora Borealis, Jupiter and Orion by Ian Huxtable, Hove, East Sussex, UK. Equipment: Nikon D5000, 50mm lens, tripod
A Starry Night of Golden Summit by Jeff Dai, Mount Emei, Sichuan province of China. Equipment: Canon EOS 5D MarkII, AF-S Nikkor 14-24mm f/2.8G IF-ED
A Starry Night of Golden Summit by Jeff Dai, Mount Emei, Sichuan province of China. Equipment: Canon EOS 5D MarkII, AF-S Nikkor 14-24mm f/2.8G IF-ED
Stars above Ten Thousand Buddha by Jeff Dai, Mount Emei, Sichuan province of China. Equipment: Canon EOS 5D MarkII, AF-S Nikkor 14-24mm f/2.8G IF-ED.
Stars above Ten Thousand Buddha by Jeff Dai, Mount Emei, Sichuan province of China. Equipment: Canon EOS 5D MarkII, AF-S Nikkor 14-24mm f/2.8G IF-ED.
Star Clusters by Paul Mason, UK. Equipment: Cannon EOS 300D
Star Clusters by Paul Mason, UK. Equipment: Cannon EOS 300D
Gunby Hall and the Stars by Justin, Skegness, UK. Equipment: Sony A230.
Gunby Hall and the Stars by Justin, Skegness, UK. Equipment: Sony A230.
Star Clusters, Brecon Beacons by Michael Scott, Capel-y-finn, Brecon Beacons, Wales, UK. Equipment: Manfrotto Tripod, Nikon D7000, Tokina 12-24mm F4.
Star Clusters, Brecon Beacons by Michael Scott, Capel-y-finn, Brecon Beacons, Wales, UK. Equipment: Manfrotto Tripod, Nikon D7000, Tokina 12-24mm F4.
River Of Heaven by Ryan Stevenson, Royal Deeside, Ballater, Grampian, Scotland, UK. Equipment: Canon 550d, Canon 10-22mm ultra wide angle lens.
River Of Heaven by Ryan Stevenson, Royal Deeside, Ballater, Grampian, Scotland, UK. Equipment: Canon 550d, Canon 10-22mm ultra wide angle lens.
Tungurahua Volcano May 2013 by Robert Gibson Z, Ecuador. Equipment: Nikon D7000
Tungurahua Volcano May 2013 by Robert Gibson Z, Ecuador. Equipment: Nikon D7000
Cotopaxi Worlds Tallest Active Volcano by Robert Gibson Z, Ecuador. Equipment: Nikon dD300
Cotopaxi Worlds Tallest Active Volcano by Robert Gibson Z, Ecuador. Equipment: Nikon dD300
Minya Konka — Wind Stopped the Footsteps by Jeff Dai, Minya Konka, Sichuan province of China. Equipment: EOS 5D Mark II, Nikkor 14-24mmf/2.8G, Loptron SkyTracker, Lee Soft Filter NO.2;
Minya Konka — Wind Stopped the Footsteps by Jeff Dai, Minya Konka, Sichuan province of China. Equipment: EOS 5D Mark II, Nikkor 14-24mmf/2.8G, Loptron SkyTracker, Lee Soft Filter NO.2;
Andromeda over Mount Gongga by Jeff Dai, Minya Konka, Sichuan province of China. Equipment: Canon EOS 5D MarkII, Canon EF 50mm f/1.4 USM, Loptron SkyTracker
Andromeda over Mount Gongga by Jeff Dai, Minya Konka, Sichuan province of China. Equipment: Canon EOS 5D MarkII, Canon EF 50mm f/1.4 USM, Loptron SkyTracker
Tibet Milky Way by Jeff Dai, Sichuan province of China. Equipment: Canon EOS 5D MarkII, AF-S Nikkor 14-24mm f/2.8G IF-ED, Loptron SkyTracker
Tibet Milky Way by Jeff Dai, Sichuan province of China. Equipment: Canon EOS 5D MarkII, AF-S Nikkor 14-24mm f/2.8G IF-ED, Loptron SkyTracker
Perseid & Cassiopeia by Alex Speed, Bedford, UK. Equipment: Canon 1100d widefield.
Perseid & Cassiopeia by Alex Speed, Bedford, UK. Equipment: Canon 1100d widefield.
Looking out of the dome... by Andre van der Hoeven, Hoher List Observatory, Daun, Germany. Equipment: Canon EOS 40D, Tamron 18-200 @ 18mm
Looking out of the dome... by Andre van der Hoeven, Hoher List Observatory, Daun, Germany. Equipment: Canon EOS 40D, Tamron 18-200 @ 18mm
The Plough from The Caldera in Tenerife by Peter Louer, Tenerife. Equipment: Canon EOS 700d, 18-55mm lens.
The Plough from The Caldera in Tenerife by Peter Louer, Tenerife. Equipment: Canon EOS 700d, 18-55mm lens.
Mount Tiede by Peter Louer, Tenerife. Equipment: Canon EOS 700d 18-55mm lens.
Mount Tiede by Peter Louer, Tenerife. Equipment: Canon EOS 700d 18-55mm lens.
Zodiacal Light by Mohammed AissaMoussa, Ghardaia, Algeria. Equipment: Canon 5D Mark II, Lens 15mm Fisheye.
Zodiacal Light by Mohammed AissaMoussa, Ghardaia, Algeria. Equipment: Canon 5D Mark II, Lens 15mm Fisheye.
Stars and Lightening by John Short, Caloundra, Australia. Equipment: Canon 6D, EF28-105 L series lens.
Stars and Lightening by John Short, Caloundra, Australia. Equipment: Canon 6D, EF28-105 L series lens.
Jupiter above Assekrem Mountains by AissaMoussa Mohammed, Tamenrast, Algeria. Equipment: Canon 5D Mark II.
Jupiter above Assekrem Mountains by AissaMoussa Mohammed, Tamenrast, Algeria. Equipment: Canon 5D Mark II.
Staring into Space by John Short, Ambleside, Cumbria, UK. Equipment: Canon 70D, 8-12mm lens, Skywatcher Adventurer.
Staring into Space by John Short, Ambleside, Cumbria, UK. Equipment: Canon 70D, 8-12mm lens, Skywatcher Adventurer.
False Dawn by Mohammed AissaMoussa, Tamenrast, Algeria. Equipment: Canon 5D Mark II, Remote, tripod
False Dawn by Mohammed AissaMoussa, Tamenrast, Algeria. Equipment: Canon 5D Mark II, Remote, tripod
Venus and M45 by Mohammed AissaMoussa, Ghardaia, Algeria. Equipment: Canon 5D Mark II, Fisheye lens 15mm.
Venus and M45 by Mohammed AissaMoussa, Ghardaia, Algeria. Equipment: Canon 5D Mark II, Fisheye lens 15mm.
Mount Teide Observatory by Peter Louer, Tenerife. Equipment: Canon EOS 700D, 18-55mm lens.
Mount Teide Observatory by Peter Louer, Tenerife. Equipment: Canon EOS 700D, 18-55mm lens.
A Gap in the Trees by John Short, Ambleside, Cumbria, UK. Equipment: Canon 6D, 8-15mm fisheye.
A Gap in the Trees by John Short, Ambleside, Cumbria, UK. Equipment: Canon 6D, 8-15mm fisheye.
ISS and the Rising Moon by Steve Brown, Stokesley, N. Yorkshire, UK. Equipment: Canon 600D, 18-55mm lens, static tripod.
ISS and the Rising Moon by Steve Brown, Stokesley, N. Yorkshire, UK. Equipment: Canon 600D, 18-55mm lens, static tripod.
Space Station, Scorpius and Saturn by Steve Brown, Stokesley, N. Yorkshire, UK. Equipment: Canon 600D, 18-55mm lens, static tripod.
Space Station, Scorpius and Saturn by Steve Brown, Stokesley, N. Yorkshire, UK. Equipment: Canon 600D, 18-55mm lens, static tripod.
Large and Small Magellanic Clouds taken in Birdsville, Australia by Mike Joy, Wales, UK. Equipment: Canon 1000D
Large and Small Magellanic Clouds taken in Birdsville, Australia by Mike Joy, Wales, UK. Equipment: Canon 1000D
Visible Planets on November 8 2015 by Martin Marthadinata, Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia. Equipment: Nikon D5000
Visible Planets on November 8 2015 by Martin Marthadinata, Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia. Equipment: Nikon D5000
Hodson's House by David Harris, Dorstone, Golden Valley, Herefordshire, UK. Equipment: Nikon D800, Nikon 24-120mm, Tripod
Hodson's House by David Harris, Dorstone, Golden Valley, Herefordshire, UK. Equipment: Nikon D800, Nikon 24-120mm, Tripod
Hodson's House by David Harris, Dorstone, Golden Valley, Herefordshire, UK. Equipment: NikonD800, Samyang 14mm f2.8, Tripod
Hodson's House by David Harris, Dorstone, Golden Valley, Herefordshire, UK. Equipment: NikonD800, Samyang 14mm f2.8, Tripod
Garðskagi Lighthouse by Mariusz, Crawley, UK. Equipment: Sony A7S, Samyang 14mm/2.8 lens.
Garðskagi Lighthouse by Mariusz, Crawley, UK. Equipment: Sony A7S, Samyang 14mm/2.8 lens.
5 Planets Aligning by John Chumack, Warrenton, Virginia, USA. Equipment: Canon 6D, 8mm Fisheye Lens.
5 Planets Aligning by John Chumack, Warrenton, Virginia, USA. Equipment: Canon 6D, 8mm Fisheye Lens.
Hawaii Nightscape by Terry Webb, Kaanapali Beach, Maui, Hawaii. Equipment: modified Canon 1100D, 18-270mm lens.
Hawaii Nightscape by Terry Webb, Kaanapali Beach, Maui, Hawaii. Equipment: modified Canon 1100D, 18-270mm lens.
Sagittarius Teapot & Spoon by John Chumack, Cape Cod, MA, USA. Equipment: Canon 6D DSLR, 50mm lens, tracking mount.
Sagittarius Teapot & Spoon by John Chumack, Cape Cod, MA, USA. Equipment: Canon 6D DSLR, 50mm lens, tracking mount.
Under Iran Central Desert Night Sky by Ali Matinfar, Mesr Desert, Iran. Equipment: Canon 6D.
Under Iran Central Desert Night Sky by Ali Matinfar, Mesr Desert, Iran. Equipment: Canon 6D.
Zodiacal Light & The Winter Triangle by John Chumack, Oklahoma, USA. Equipment: Canon 6D DSLR, 24mm lens.
Zodiacal Light & The Winter Triangle by John Chumack, Oklahoma, USA. Equipment: Canon 6D DSLR, 24mm lens.
Stargazing under Tenerife's Black Skies by Simon Rowland, Vilaflor, Tenerife. Equipment: Canon 1100D, Samyang 14mm lens.
Stargazing under Tenerife's Black Skies by Simon Rowland, Vilaflor, Tenerife. Equipment: Canon 1100D, Samyang 14mm lens.
Wooldown Farm by David Harris, Marhamchurch, Bude, North Cornwall. Equipment: Nikon D800, Samyang 14mm f2.8, Manfroto Carbon Tripod
Wooldown Farm by David Harris, Marhamchurch, Bude, North Cornwall. Equipment: Nikon D800, Samyang 14mm f2.8, Manfroto Carbon Tripod
Wooldown Farm by David Harris, Marhamchurch, Bude, North Cornwall. Equipment: Nikon D800, Samyang 14mm f2.8, Manfroto Carbon Tripod
Wooldown Farm by David Harris, Marhamchurch, Bude, North Cornwall. Equipment: Nikon D800, Samyang 14mm f2.8, Manfroto Carbon Tripod
Three Peaks, Auriga & Perseus by Pete Collins, Yorkshire Dales, UK. Equipment: Canon 6D, Canon 24-105mm lens.
Three Peaks, Auriga & Perseus by Pete Collins, Yorkshire Dales, UK. Equipment: Canon 6D, Canon 24-105mm lens.
The Hyades, Pleiades over Bolsover Castle, Derbyshire by Mark White, Chesterfield, UK. Equipment: HTC 10.
The Hyades, Pleiades over Bolsover Castle, Derbyshire by Mark White, Chesterfield, UK. Equipment: HTC 10.
Pen Hill Beneath the Stars by Kim Ralls, Thoralby, N. Yorkshire, UK. Equipment: Canon EOS 1300D, 18-55mm zoom lens, Manfrotto tripod.
Pen Hill Beneath the Stars by Kim Ralls, Thoralby, N. Yorkshire, UK. Equipment: Canon EOS 1300D, 18-55mm zoom lens, Manfrotto tripod.
The Plough and Polaris by Matthew Drury, Fridaythorpe, UK. Equipment: Nikon D3200, Samyang 14mm Wide Angle lens.
The Plough and Polaris by Matthew Drury, Fridaythorpe, UK. Equipment: Nikon D3200, Samyang 14mm Wide Angle lens.
Trakoscan Castle under the Stars by Krunoslav Lisac, Trakoscan, Croatia. Equipment: Canon 5DSR, 24mm lens, iOptron Skytracker Pro.
Trakoscan Castle under the Stars by Krunoslav Lisac, Trakoscan, Croatia. Equipment: Canon 5DSR, 24mm lens, iOptron Skytracker Pro.
Mystical Waters by Allan Trow, Elan Valley, Wales, UK. Equipment: Canon 6D, Sigma 20mm Art lens at F2.8.
Mystical Waters by Allan Trow, Elan Valley, Wales, UK. Equipment: Canon 6D, Sigma 20mm Art lens at F2.8.
Exe Estuary by Simon Williams, Lympstone, Devon, UK. Equipment: Nikon D3100, tripod.
Exe Estuary by Simon Williams, Lympstone, Devon, UK. Equipment: Nikon D3100, tripod.
Iridium flare and Milky Way by Pete Walsh, Manchester, UK. Equipment: Canon 600D, Tokina 11-18mm Lens
Iridium flare and Milky Way by Pete Walsh, Manchester, UK. Equipment: Canon 600D, Tokina 11-18mm Lens
Zermatt Sunrise with last Quarter Moon and Matterhorn by Andrew McNaught, Gloucestershire, UK. Equipment: Handheld iPhone.
Zermatt Sunrise with last Quarter Moon and Matterhorn by Andrew McNaught, Gloucestershire, UK. Equipment: Handheld iPhone.
Raining Stars by Jon Sales, Worthing, W. Sussex, UK. Equipment: Canon EOS760D, Samyang 14mm f2.8 lens, Manfrotto tripod and ballhead, intervalometer.
Raining Stars by Jon Sales, Worthing, W. Sussex, UK. Equipment: Canon EOS760D, Samyang 14mm f2.8 lens, Manfrotto tripod and ballhead, intervalometer.
Mount Teide by Moonlight by Peter Louer, Tenerife. Equipment: Canon 700D, 50mm Canon lens.
Mount Teide by Moonlight by Peter Louer, Tenerife. Equipment: Canon 700D, 50mm Canon lens.
Sea and Stars by Sarah & Simon Fisher, Bromsgrove, Worcestershire, UK. Equipment: Canon 600D, 18-55mm lens.
Sea and Stars by Sarah & Simon Fisher, Bromsgrove, Worcestershire, UK. Equipment: Canon 600D, 18-55mm lens.
Sea and Stars on the Jurassic Coast by Sarah & Simon Fisher, Bromsgrove, Worcestershire, UK. Equipment: Canon 600D, 18mm lens
Sea and Stars on the Jurassic Coast by Sarah & Simon Fisher, Bromsgrove, Worcestershire, UK. Equipment: Canon 600D, 18mm lens
Radkan Tower by Banafsheh Vahdati, Khorasan, Iran. Equipment: Canon SL1
Radkan Tower by Banafsheh Vahdati, Khorasan, Iran. Equipment: Canon SL1
Night Sky by Matt Eaton, Miserton, Somerset, UK. Equipment: Nikon DSLR
Night Sky by Matt Eaton, Miserton, Somerset, UK. Equipment: Nikon DSLR
Strange Clouds by Paul Mason, Cannock, UK. Equipment: Canon 1100D
Strange Clouds by Paul Mason, Cannock, UK. Equipment: Canon 1100D
The Big Dipper above the Blue Star Spring by Alex Conu, Yellowstone National Park, USA. Equipment: Canon 6D, Sigma 24mm f/1.4 and Kenko PRO1D Pro Softon filter
The Big Dipper above the Blue Star Spring by Alex Conu, Yellowstone National Park, USA. Equipment: Canon 6D, Sigma 24mm f/1.4 and Kenko PRO1D Pro Softon filter
Jupiter and Mars Rising by Fred Connell, Huntley, UK. Equipment: Nikon D3100, Andoer 8mm Fisheye lens.
Jupiter and Mars Rising by Fred Connell, Huntley, UK. Equipment: Nikon D3100, Andoer 8mm Fisheye lens.
Ashton Memorial by Mark Mc Neil, Williamson Park, Lancaster, UK. Equipment: Nikon d700, Nikon 24-70mm.
Ashton Memorial by Mark Mc Neil, Williamson Park, Lancaster, UK. Equipment: Nikon d700, Nikon 24-70mm.
Zodiacal light with Moon and Airglow by Zdenek Bardon, ESO's observatory La Silla, Chile. Equipment: Nikon D810A, Zeiss Otus 1,4/28, EQ mount, tripod
Zodiacal light with Moon and Airglow by Zdenek Bardon, ESO's observatory La Silla, Chile. Equipment: Nikon D810A, Zeiss Otus 1,4/28, EQ mount, tripod
Tree to the Stars by Alex, Hessle, UK. Equipment: Canon 550d, Tamron 200mm Macro Lense, Manfrotto Tripod
Tree to the Stars by Alex, Hessle, UK. Equipment: Canon 550d, Tamron 200mm Macro Lense, Manfrotto Tripod
Two Glitter Paths by Nikoletta Szakály, Lukácsháza, Hungary. Equipment: Canon EOS 700D, Canon EF-S 18-135mm.
Two Glitter Paths by Nikoletta Szakály, Lukácsháza, Hungary. Equipment: Canon EOS 700D, Canon EF-S 18-135mm.
Looking up by David Duff, Stockton on Tees, UK. Equipment: Panasonic Lumix G10, 14-42 lens, manfrotto tripod.
Looking up by David Duff, Stockton on Tees, UK. Equipment: Panasonic Lumix G10, 14-42 lens, manfrotto tripod.
Arcturus in Moonlight Clouds by Robin Buckmaster, Cenarth, Wales, UK. Equipment: Nikon L100
Arcturus in Moonlight Clouds by Robin Buckmaster, Cenarth, Wales, UK. Equipment: Nikon L100
Visible Planets in Constellation Leo the Lion by Martin Marthadinata, Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia. Equipment: Nikon D5000, 18-55 Lens.
Visible Planets in Constellation Leo the Lion by Martin Marthadinata, Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia. Equipment: Nikon D5000, 18-55 Lens.
Bridge to the Stars by Alex Higgs, Hessle, UK. Equipment: Canon SX430 IS.
Bridge to the Stars by Alex Higgs, Hessle, UK. Equipment: Canon SX430 IS.
Night in the Caldera on Tenerife by Peter Louer, Teide National Park, Tenerife. Equipment: Canon 700D, 18-55mm Lens @18mm
Night in the Caldera on Tenerife by Peter Louer, Teide National Park, Tenerife. Equipment: Canon 700D, 18-55mm Lens @18mm
Jupiter at Avebury by Phil Horswell, Avebury Stone Circle, Wiltshire, UK. Equipment: Nikon D5000
Jupiter at Avebury by Phil Horswell, Avebury Stone Circle, Wiltshire, UK. Equipment: Nikon D5000
Jupiter and Pendle by Rob Browne, Lancashire, UK. Equipment: Nikon D70s, 18-70mm DX lens.
Jupiter and Pendle by Rob Browne, Lancashire, UK. Equipment: Nikon D70s, 18-70mm DX lens.
Jupiter Rising New Years Eve 2013 by Roger Hutchinson, Burwash Common, East Sussex, UK. Equipment: Canon Rebel T3i, 17mm-50mm lens.
Jupiter Rising New Years Eve 2013 by Roger Hutchinson, Burwash Common, East Sussex, UK. Equipment: Canon Rebel T3i, 17mm-50mm lens.
Jupiter and Venus setting over Stokesley by Steve Brown, Stokesley, N. Yorkshire, UK. Equipment: Canon 600D, 18-55mm lens, static tripod.
Jupiter and Venus setting over Stokesley by Steve Brown, Stokesley, N. Yorkshire, UK. Equipment: Canon 600D, 18-55mm lens, static tripod.
Jupiter in Leo in the Alaskan Sky by John Chumack, Alaska, USA. Equipment: Canon 6D DSLR, 14mm lens
Jupiter in Leo in the Alaskan Sky by John Chumack, Alaska, USA. Equipment: Canon 6D DSLR, 14mm lens
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Extracted from The World at Night by Babak Tafreshi, published by White Lion Publishing. Available to buy now from all good book shops and online.

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